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  • 2017.12
Ninja recorded on Korean historical record
If you are expecting Korean Ninja, sorry not.
This is rather a proof of there was no Ninja in Korea.

Annals of Joseon Dynasty
Jungjong annals 15
Jungjong 7th May 5th (1512 May)
This record was written 2 years after Sanbo-No-Ran (Riot by Japanese settlers in Korea)

The Japanese prisoner Yoshira (要時羅) testified to the interpreter 

"I tell you everything I know because I'm gonna have to be Korean rest of my life.
The Japanese whose family members were killed during the riot asked the lord of Tsushima (So clan) to send troops.


The lord said if they don't make peace, he would plan to send troops to Koje(巨濟).
It is obvious they will come within this year.
It is only 48soku from Tsushima to here, Koreans won't be able to defend if they land during dawn.
And what is more, there are Shinomi(時老未) in Hakata(花加大).
They are good at disguise. They can sneak into enemy camp like mouse, escape like bird.
No guard can notice.
Tsushima recruited them to set fire on camps.
I heard people from Tsushima talking about it."

The testimony was reported to King and King told to The Military Affairs.
The Military Affairs told to King "What Yoshira said about Tsushima brings people good at disguise from Hakata is ridiculous, it's obvious the story is for scaring us.
But asking Tsushima to take revenge seems to be true. It is better to order to secure defence."

According to Professor Shosuke Murai (Tokyo University), Yoshira is Yoshiro(与四郎) , Shinomi is Shinobi. This testimony proves there were Shinobi in Hakata area in those days. (Of course Hakata is Kyushu Japan) And that means Sengoku war lords were hiring Shinobi.
PR
【2017/11/21 15:51 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
The Watanabe Documents

The Watanabe Documents(150 pages) was discovered in 2000. Koka city has researched the documents since last year and they released some info.

According to Sankei's report, the documents contain exprosive's recipe, instructions for Musket and horseback riding, and some occult arts.

During Edo period, they were hired as "Oshinobi-yaku" by Owari Tokugawa clan.
"Oshinobi-yaku" was like part time job, they were called only needed.
Otherwise, they were living as common farmer.

Nikkei's report says, Oshinobi-yaku was secret contract.
They found 10 written pledges of keeping it secret from family and friends between 1700 ~ 1829.

It seems the Ninjutsu documents were only 17 pages(include the pledges?) 
Koka city is going to publish the documents.

【2017/05/20 12:49 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
Oniwaban Kawamura Nagataka

Quotes from this book

【2016/06/27 11:16 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
Historical Ninja researcher Isoda Michifumi on Pod Cast

LINK
http://podcast.tbsradio.jp/nichiten/files/20111023.mp3

Summary

"This is an old Ninjutsu scroll sold in 8000 Yen. I thought Ninja chain maile was made with iron but this scroll says warp thread is hemp, weft thread is egg plant tree. This is strong enough to block sword and spear. I don't think it blocks spear but probably it prevents sword slashing."

"Ninja scroll usually contains 'no way' technics. For example this says put yam juice around your nose when you are in water then you can breathe. Or write Manji shape on your chest then you won't get drowned."

"Jingu Baseball Stadium (Shibuya) used to be residents for Koka-kumi. There was shooting range."
【2016/06/27 11:14 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
Mie University plans to research Akutagawa Ninjutsu
From Shinano Mainichi 2016 Feb 24

The Akutagawa family was retainer of Lord Toda of Matsumoto and had a root in Koka.
The Akutagawa texts (Ninjutsu Menkyo and etc) have been known but never really researched academically.
One of the texts "Koka Onjutsu Gokuhi" describes "A windy day, (Ninja) flew with a giant kite and dropped fire(bomb?) on the castle"
Mie University professor Yamada Yuji said the Ninjutsu is uniquely Akutagawa ryu but needs to be verified whether it's possible or not.
He will release a book of his research in this coming June.
【2016/04/14 11:41 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
百人番所 (Hyakunin-bansho) 100 samurai guardhouse of Edo-jo Castle in Tokyo


Hyakuninbansho
(Old Guards House)
Working place for (former)Ninja who used to protect the Edo castle.
There are several guard houses(known as checkpoints) from ohtemon to the main edo castle building.
The most strict checkpoint was called “hundred-guards house”.
(Hyakunin means 100 persons.)

At that time, Negoro, Iga, Kōka and Nijugoki were guarding the castle as a last guard house.
Buffon note
If you know some Ninja history, you know Ieyasu hired many Musket Ashigaru from Iga, Koka region when he started new Shogunate government.
They were given Dōshin class which was low rank Samurai.
So they were no longer Ninjas but Tokugawa retainers.

【2013/08/16 02:26 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
Ninjutsu in Nakano Army School Curriculum
http://www.jacar.go.jp
Ref Code C01004864700
Document title 教育用器材特別支給の件 (Educational materials special issue)
昭和15年10月10日(10 Oct 1940)

Front page
95d12f9b.jpg










Page 8 忍術用具(Ninjutsu tools)
1b749527.jpg
【2012/12/12 09:58 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
Kanja is not Ninja. 間者と忍者は別物

Kasaya
To me, this isn't Ninja job.
This kind of job can be done by non-Ninja.
They were spies but not Ninja.
Sneaking into castle is what Ninja job is.
【2012/12/11 12:58 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
BS歴史館「忍者の真実」感想 NHK Ninja program review Pt.2
ふたたび萩野家奉公書から
伊賀の乱の後守田三之丞は次々と主君を変え岡山藩池田利隆に仕える。
From Haginoke Hokosho
After Nobunaga's campaign against Iga, Morita San'nojo served for many different masters and lastly he served for Lord Ikeda Toshitaka of Okayama.
bsr20.jpg
大阪冬の陣(1614)で三之丞は瀬踏みという特殊任務を与えられる。
瀬踏みとは堀や川を渡るとき、どこが浅いか下調べし効率良く渡れるルートを見つけること。
三之丞は夜中じゅう大阪城の凍る水の張る掘を瀬踏みを行なって渡印してきた。




0488660b.jpeg
The Siege of Osaka, Winter campaign (1614)
San'nojo was given a special operation called Sebumi.
Sebumi is finding best route when the troops needed to across river or moat.
San'nojo walked around in the freezing water of Osaka castle's moat all night long, left a mark on the other side of the moat.



index1.jpg

*なんと、伊賀忍者は低体温症にならないのだw こういう科学的におかしい話が出てくるから結局忍者の史料の信用性が高まらない。
*Amazingly Iga Ninja don't get Hypothermia. This kind of unscientific episode spoils credibility of Ninja's historical records.





元禄赤穂事件(1701~3)
Genroku Ako Incident (1701-1703)
06e77fb8.jpeg岡山藩は赤穂藩の隣なので萩野市衛門(三之丞の孫)など忍者を赤穂に送り情報を集めた。
画像は赤穂書類「岡山藩の忍や岡山藩の家臣たちが集めた情報」
Ako han and Okayama han were next each other so Okayama han sent Hagino Ichiemon(San'nojo's grand son) and several Ninja to get informations.(They needed to know whether Ako han stands against bakufu or not)
The pictute is The Ako documents "The informations gathered by Ninja or retainers of Okayama han"

磯田道史
調べるにあたって柳沢吉保の許可をとっている。
Isoda
Okayama han took permission from Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu prior to research Ako.

bsr23.jpg笠谷和比古
これは僕から言わせると忍者らしくない。
忍者でなくたってできる収集活動じゃないかと。
スパイではあるけど忍者と言えるか?
城に入り込んでこそ忍者。

Kasaya
To me, this isn't Ninja job.
This kind of job can be done by non-Ninja.
They were spies but not Ninja.
Sneaking into castle is what Ninja job is.

bsr24.jpg市右衛門は1661年から岡山藩に勤め始める。
住居は城下町の東のはずれ、足軽などが住んでいた。
仕事は城下の見回りや参勤交代の警護など、現代の警備員のようなもの。
20石9斗5人扶持給料制のお勤め忍者。
73才で引退。
明治2年忍び役廃止
bsr25.jpgIchiemon started working for Okayama han in 1661.
He resided in the east edge of the castle town which was same as Ashigaru.
His job was patroling the town and guarding the lord when Sankin-Kotai. Just like security guard nowadays.
20koku 9to 5ninbuchi, Salaried Ninja.
Retired when he was 73.
1870, Okayama han officially closed Shinobi title.

江戸中期
Mid Edo period

三重大学人文学部山田教授
忍術を使う場面がなくなっていった。
忍びという意識がなくなっていく。

Professor Yamada, Mie University
Opportunity to use Ninjutsu was almost gone.
They were losing consciousness of being Ninja.

江戸末期
Late Edo perod

bsr26.jpg磯田
長州征伐では一般武士の方がよっぽど上手に情報収集してくる。
忍びはオーナーがいなければただの泥棒。

Isoda
Common samurai did better job to get informations during Choshu expedition.
Without owner, Shinobi were just a bunch of thieves.

*磯田先生、真冬の瀬踏みの実況見分をぜひお願いします。
* I want  Isoda to inspect Sebumi in winter.
【2012/09/30 09:04 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(0)
BS歴史館「忍者の真実」感想 NHK Ninja program review Pt.1
BS歴史館 ここまでわかった!?忍者の真実 2012-8-23
BS Rekishikan "Truth of Ninja" aired in 23 Aug 2012

bsr4.jpg磯田先生が数年前発見した岡山藩の忍び役の史料を中心に話し合う。
They talk about mainly Okayama-han's Ninja that Isoda discovered recently.
ゲストは磯田道史准教授、国際日本文化研究センターの笠谷教授となぜか映画監督篠田氏。たぶん篠田氏が一般的忍者ファン代表なんだろう。氏の言うことは一般的忍者本の受け売りの範囲内。
Guests are Assistant proffessor Isoda, Professor of  International research center for Japanese studies Kasaya and somehow movie director Shinoda. Probably Shinoda represent common Ninja fans. What he said was what's on common Ninjer books.


Q・忍びの者とはどんな人達だったのですか?
Q.What kind of people are Shinobi?

bsr6.jpg篠田監督
Movie director Shinoda
城の中に入って放火するとか暗殺するとかは日常茶飯事。
They sneaked into castle to set fire and assassinated all the time!
痕跡を残しちゃいけない。刀抜いた瞬間から忍者の資格が無い。
They don't leave trace. Once they drew sword, they were not qualified to be Ninja.


bsr7.jpg笠谷教授
Professor Kasaya
伝えられるエピソードとして、敵の服装をして陣中を暴れまわる
Reportedly, they disguised as enemy and went on ranpage in enemy camp.
忍者ってのはスパイであるとともに、スーパーマンであり超人的能力を持っている。
Ninja were spies and also supermen.
それは城を乗り越えるという力なんですね。
The super abirity is getting into castle.
堀を越えて石垣を超えて城内で様々な謀略をする、これは並大抵では出来ない。
Getting over moat and wall, espionage inside of the castle, it's no easy.

*注意深く読めばスーパーマンと呼ぶ理由は城に潜入する技だとわかるが、忍者ファンはこういう言葉をとらえて大げさに吹聴するので注意して欲しい。
*If you read carefully, the reason why Kasaya called "Supermen" was skill of getting into castle, but Ninjers tend to exaggerate word like that so he should be more careful.


bsr9.jpg忍びの起源は地侍
Origin of Ninja was Jizamurai (=Dogo 土豪)



萩野家奉公書
Haginoke Hokosho
bsr8.jpg伊賀忍者を祖先に持つ岡山藩藩士萩野家の記録。
これが磯田先生発見の史料。
Record of Hagino family, retainer of Ikeda clan Okayama han.
Their ancestor was Iga Ninja.
This is what Isoda discovered.

萩野市衛門の祖父守田三之丞、戦国時代伊賀生まれ
忍者のリーダーで信長と互角に渡り合った。(天正伊賀の乱当時16才)
*こういう表現はフカシっぽい。
Hagino Ichiemon's grandfather Morita San'nojo was born in Iga during Sengoku period.
He was a leader of Ninja, fought with Nobunaga equally.(Tensho Iga no ran, San'nojo was 16)
*Description like that sounds exaggeration.

Q.忍びとは伊賀者甲賀者のことか?
Q.Were Ninja Iga-mono and Koka-mono?

bsr5.jpg磯田
伊賀甲賀はブランド忍者
日本各地に地場忍術が沢山できてる
*私はこの地場忍術流派がいつ発生したのか知りたいんだけどずっと謎のまま。
Isoda
Iga and Koka were brand names.
There were many regional Ninjutsu all over Japan.
*I've been researching when those regional ninjutsu were established but it's been mystery.

Q.なぜ忍びは生まれたか
Q.How Nina was born?

篠田
伊賀は山で盆地だから稲作なんてやっても食えない。
何で食うんですか?山林ですよ。
Shinoda
Iga was surrounded by mountains, they could not grow rice very much.
How did they live? It's forestry.

笠谷
やっぱりね超人的な能力なんですよ。
監督が言ったことではっと気がついたのは木のぼりですね。
彼らの能力の由来が修験だとか山伏だとか言われているけど根本考えてみたら枝打ちなどしなければいけないので、山の民ってのは木のぼりしなければならない。
Kasaya
It's because their super abirity.
I realized the ability was climbing tree.
People say Ninja's skills were originated in Yamabushi(Shugendo) but fundamentally mountain people need to climb up tree to cut branches.

*もともと忍びは山賊のようなものなので山地に多く居たというのは理解出来るんだけど、それで特殊技能を持つ忍者が生まれたというのなら長野や群馬に伊賀甲賀より多くの凄い忍者がいないとおかしいなあ。
長野に比べたら伊賀はまだ平地も多いしなんといっても都に近い。私が伊賀に行った時いちばん印象に残ってるのは豪農のお屋敷の多さ。うちは関東平野だが昔名主さんだった家でもあんなにでかくない。
やっぱりいちばんの理由は土豪がひしめき合っていて縄張り争いばっかりやってたってことじゃないかな。(暴力団の抗争に近い?)
とはいえ私はまだ忍術書にあるようなことを戦国時代に忍者が実際使ってたか懐疑的なんだけどね。
*Shinobi were same as bandits so I understand they lived in or near mountains, but if it is the reason for them to master special Ninja skill, there suppsed to be more super Ninja in Nagano or Gunma than Iga-Koka.
Iga has more flat land than Nagano and even close to Kyoto. What impressed me when I went to Iga was many big farmer mansions. I live in "Kanto plain", even former Nanushi(village leader in feudal period, usually richest farmer) houses aren't that big.
I think why Iga-Koka developed Ninja skills(Guerilla attack, sneaking, stalking etc) was because there were too many Jizamurai fighting over territory.(Kind of like Yakuza war?)
Though I am still skeptical with Ninja in Sengoku period really had all those skills on Ninjutsu scrolls.


iga.jpg伊賀
そんなにたいそうな山ではない。
すぐ向こうは大都市だった京都。
Iga
The mountains are not so big.
Very close to "big city" Kyoto(Left).






matsumoto.jpg
長野、松本周辺
3000m級の山々
ウェストン卿により日本アルプスと名付けられた。
Nagano, Matsumoto city.
3000m class mountains.
Sir Weston named Japan Alps.





gunma.jpg
群馬、谷川岳周辺
もうほとんど山しかない
Gunma, Tanigawadake
Almost mountains.







kazamatsuri.jpg
神奈川、風祭
風魔のモデルになった風間の居たところ
なんと海に近い
Kanagawa, Kazamatsuri.
Kazamatsuri was the place where Kazama(model of Fuma) were.
Even close to ocean.





パート2に続きます
Continue to Part2
 
【2012/09/19 12:24 】 | Ninja History | 有り難いご意見(2)
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