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Hapkido's fabricated history
Hapkido history
http://www.worldhapkido.com/history.html

Evidence of martial training in Korea far pre-date the earliest form of written evidence found in the Samkuk Saki (3 Kingdom History) written in the 12th Century.
朝鮮における武芸の歴史は12世紀に書かれた三国史記に最初の記録がある。

In 1935, excavations of the Muyong-Chong tomb found the earliest known evidence of martial arts on ceiling murals.
1935年、高句麗舞踊塚の発掘により初期武術の証拠が見つかった。

Other tombs, notably the Anak Tomb (Koguryo) and Sambo-Chong Tomb dating from the early to late 4th Centuries, depict other caricatures of sparring, blocking stances and what appear to be older versions of dobok with black waist sashes.
4世紀初期の安岳三号墳やSambo-Chong Tombにはスパーリングやブロッキングの様子や黒帯のついた道着が描かれている。

Further, other paintings in another well-known Koguryo Tomb, the Samsil Tomb, show evidence of a Taekyun match (formerly known as Subak) and another picture clearly showing a Korean wrestling/grappling match, likely the ancestor of Ssireum.
また別の高句麗古墳Samsil Tombではテッキョンの試合やコリアンレスリング=シルムの絵が描かれている。

This depiction is corroborated by references to Korean wrestling in the Book of later Han written in the 5th Century.
この絵は後漢書が言及するコリアンレスリングとも一致する。

From the 3 Kingdom's Period through the United Shilla and Koryo Dynasty's, a time spanning roughly 1,400 years, Korean fighting styles continued to develop.
3国時代から高麗時代にかけて約1400年間、コリアンファイティング様式は開発されていった。

Through both internal and external conflicts, these fighting styles evolved and became more organized and structured.
The same could likely be said for Korea's closer neighbors (Japan, China) as well, as both war and commerce led to continued exchanges between them for well over a millennia.
外敵の侵入や内戦を通して武芸は進化し組織化されていった。
日本や中国といった近隣国も同様だ、戦争と商売による交流が2000年続いた。


Although the practicing and perception of martial-arts saw a sharp decline beginning in the Yi Dynasty (1392-1919) due to the influence of Confucianism, from the 12th Century until approximately the 18th Century, multiple manuals and books of martial arts were written to further document and codify Korea's martial traditions.
李朝時代になると儒教の影響で武芸は突然衰退する。12世紀から18世紀にかけてコリアン武術を体系化そして記録するためにいくつかの武芸書が書かれた。

These various texts provide us with further evidence and insight into the history of their development. The earliest known work, the Samkuk Saki (3 Kingdom History) was written in 1145 and is widely accepted to contain early and factual data by Korean scholars.
これらの記録は我々に武芸の歴史があった証拠だ。
三国史記は最初の記録として学者にも受け入れられている。


Although this book is a general history book, multiple references to Korean martial arts are found within its pages, one of the most well known was the documenting of a 10-day long empty-hand fight between General Jung Ryang and Queen Jin-duk's troops which took place in 647AD. Approximately a century later, the Samkuk Yusa (3 Kingdom's Memorabilia) was written and within its pages, contained a history of the establishment of civil service testing during the Koryo Dynasty, of which part consisted of graded martial arts contests.
この本は一般史だがコリアン武芸に関する言及がなされている。
一番有名なのは647年、真徳女王(新羅)の軍とJung Ryang将軍による10日間の素手の試合だ。
100年後に出版された三国遺事によると、高麗時代科挙制度が導入されたがその試験には武術が含まれていた。


At this time, the art of Subak is already found in governmental records of the time, indicating that it had already existed in its current form for at least a generation or two, arguably longer. It is also believed by some researchers that it was at this time that the art of Subak began to split into separate and distinctive arts, one being Yusool (locks/grappling) and the other being Taekyun (kicks/striking)
この時点で手搏はすでに正史に記録されている。すくなくとも1~2世代に渡って現在のフォームが存在したことを示している。
研究者はこの時に手搏がユスルとテッキョンに別れたと指摘する。


The Ji Xiao Xin Shu (New Book Recording Effective Techniques) was written by the Chinese strategist, Qi Jiguang in approximately 1560. This book contained a variety of weapon arts with a cursory mention of Chuan Fa (Kung-Fu). The compilers of this record saw unarmed combat effective for the basic training of soldiers but saw little use of it on the battlefield.
紀效新書は1560年頃中国の軍師戚継光によって書かれた。この本には大雑把なカンフーの紹介と共にいろいろな武器が示されている。
兵士の訓練に効果的な素手の格闘が書かれているが、実際の戦闘ではあまり役に立たなさそうだ。


This is important because this manual became the blueprint for the Korean Mu Ye Je Bo, written only a decade later in 1598 during the Imjin War (1592 - 1598). This Korean text was the precursor to the Muye Dobo Tongji which went on to be the best the most complete source of Korean martial arts until the present time. A passage in the introduction to Kwon Bup (Subak) mirrors this belief…
これは重要なことだなぜならこの武芸書は壬辰倭乱の最中に書かれた朝鮮の武芸諸譜の青図になるからだ。
このテキストはコリアン武芸の総合書武芸図譜通志の先駆けである。
拳法(手搏)序文に反映されている


"Kwon Bup is not adequate for large scale combat, however, it is an excellent way for beginners to start martial arts training to learn the way of the hands and feet and discipline."
拳法は大規模な戦いには適していない、しかし初心者が手や足の使い方を学んだり、教育のためには良い。

The Mu Ye Je Bo went through a revision in 1610 and added 4 volumes (from the prior 7) from a Japanese martial arts manual and 12 more battlefield methods were added in the last revision in 1759 called the Muyesinbo.
武芸諸譜は1610年に修正され日本の武術4巻と12種類の新たな武術が加わり1759年に武藝新譜となった。

These 23 arts formed the basis for the 24 art compilation found in the Muye Dobo Tongji, commissioned by King Jung-jo in 1790 and exists to this day. In honor of Korea's martial traditions, the art of Muye 24 Ban is still practiced today in Korea and is believed to be a reflection of the skills and tactics contained within the pages of the Muye Dobo Tongji.
これら23種の武術は1790年に出版された武芸図譜通志の24武芸の基礎となった。
武芸図譜通志に記された栄誉あるコリアン武芸「武芸24般」は現在まで受け継がれている。


The Japanese Army invaded Korea in 1910 and ruled the country until they were expelled by Allied Forces in 1945 at the end of World War II. During that period it was not uncommon for Korean families and treasures to be relocated to Japan. One such person was Hapkido's founder, Yong Sool Choi.
1910年日本が朝鮮に侵入し1945年連合軍が一掃するまで朝鮮を支配した。
その時期、朝鮮人が日本に移住するのはよくあることだった。
ハプキド創始者チェ・ヨンスルもそのうちの一人だ。


Choi was interviewed by Jong Bae-Rim and Joseph Sheya in 1982 which was later translated and published in 1999, it was his only known interview. Choi asserts that he was born in Yong Dong in Choong Chung Province, Korea in 1904. At about the age of 8, he was taken to Japan by a Japanese business owner and later abandoned.
1999年に出版された1982年のインタビューによると、チェは忠清道のヨンドンで1904年に生まれ8歳の頃日本人に日本に連れてこられそして捨てられた。

(1962年出版「合気術」では1899年生まれhttp://www.toshima.ne.jp/~fukuoka3/hapkido/hapkido2.htm
月刊ハプキド 1971年10月号では9歳で誘拐されたとあるhttp://www.toshima.ne.jp/~fukuoka3/hapkido/choiyonsul_ueshiba.htm)


Choi states that he was taken to Kyoto and came under the care of a temple monk named Kintaro Wadanabi. Choi stated that he was fascinated by the murals of martial arts and battles within the temple and when asked what direction he wanted his life to go, Choi pointed to the murals.
チェは京都に連れてこられ渡邊金太郎という僧の世話になった。
彼はその寺で武術や戦の壁画に魅せられ僧に聞いた、これをやるにはどうしたらよいか。


Unknown to Choi at this time, Wadanabi was close friends with Sokaku Takeda. In addition to a proficiency in Ona-Ha Itto-Ryu swordsmanship, Takeda was also the 37th generation Grandmaster of Daito-Ryu Aikijujutsu, an art which emphasized the use of joint locks, strikes and nerve attacks to neutralize an opponent.
チェには皆目見当もつかなかった。渡邊は武田惣角の親しい友人だった。武田は小野派一刀流の使い手でもあり、大東流合気柔術(関節技や神経技で敵を無力化する武術)の宗家であった。

Many great warriors, in accordance with ancient traditions, undertook annual pilgrimages throughout Japan to improve their martial arts skills. During their travels they visited local temples to offer prayer and donations. It was during one of Master Takeda's visits that Wadanabi and the resident monks, seeing an opportunity, asked Master Takeda to take the young Choi as a disciple.
多くの偉大な勇者が古くからの伝統に従って毎年日本へ修行に行っていた。彼らは常に地元の寺に立ち寄り祈りを捧げ献金したものだ。
武田惣角が渡邊を尋ねた時、チェを弟子にと頼んだ。


It’s important to note that Daito-Ryu Aikijujitsu was originated by Shilla Sahm Lang (third son of Shilla in translation), who was believed to be a Korean bureaucratic official from the united Shilla Dynasty of Korea, who taught this art to Japan's Minamoto Shogunate, the ruling family of Japan during the Kamakura feudal era. (See insert) This art was passed to members of the Takeda Clan where it remained for over 35 generations.
ところで重要なことを忘れてはいけない、大東流合気柔術は新羅のサムラン(三郎)が起源だ。(新羅の三番目の息子という意味なのだ) サムランとは新羅の官僚と信じられている。
この武術を日本の源氏に伝え、その後武田氏が35代に渡って受け継いだ。


Choi went to live with Takeda at his home in the Shin Su Mountains as his personal servant and lived with him, traveling and training for 30 years until Takeda's death in 1943.
チェは武田の下男として信州の山の上に一緒に暮らし武田が死ぬまで30年間修行した。

The Japanese occupation of Korea ended with their defeat in 1945. This event coincided with Takeda's death and Choi decided to return to his homeland of Korea. Choi brought back with him the art Daito-Ryu Aikijujitsu which was the “Yusool” of the Shilla kingdom and long forgotten in his own land. It should also be noted that the “Yusool” of Hapkido that has been developed in Korea after Choi's return should not be considered as Daito-Ryu anymore. In fact, it is believed that Choi wanted to develop a system that is comparable to modern society as a practical martial art, instead of teaching the original Daito-Ryu which is an ancient battle field system with special consideration of fighting an armored opponent.
1945年日本の敗戦で朝鮮の占領は終わり、チェは武田が亡くなったこともあって朝鮮に戻った。
チェは大東流合気柔術、つまり長い間忘れられていた新羅のユスル(柔術)を持ち帰ったのだ。
これ以降ハプキドのユスルはもう大東流柔術ではないということを覚えておいて欲しい。
実際チェは古い時代の戦用に開発された大東流ではなく、現代にマッチした武術を創りたかったのだ。


And there are 2 hilarious pictures on the page.
bc093d94.jpgOriginator "Won Eui Guang" is Korean pronunciation of Minamotono Yoshitsune who's legendary Samurai in Kamakura period. "Sam Lang" is Korean pronunciation of Saburo, it means 3rd son and very very common Japanese boy name like Ichiro(1st son).
Yoshitsune had never been to Korea, he wasn't martial artist.


4thCenturyKorea-Final.jpgFamous Korean "Napoleon complex" map.










1.Origin-Koguryo painting(BC37-668). Minamotono Yoshitsune(1159-1189)
2.Imaginary figures-Shilla(BC356-935) Samlang
3.Imaginary martial arts-Subak Yusool Taekyun?
4.Distortion-the most well known was the documenting of a 10-day long empty-hand fight
I checked Samuguk Sagi, it was 10 days castle siege, there was nothing about empty-hand fight.
5.Fabrication-Korean wrestling in the Book of later Han written in the 5th Century
I checked the Book of later Han Koguryo section, there was nothing about Korean wresting. Koguryo wasn't Korean country anyway.
6.Fabrication-undertook annual pilgrimages throughout Japan to improve their martial arts skills.
There was no Korean who took such pilgrimages.
7.Fabrication-Daito-Ryu Aikijujitsu was originated by Shilla Sam Lang
8.Myth-This art was passed to members of the Takeda Clan.

Hapkido history is pretty insane, isn't it?

Hapfab.jpg
PR
【2011/09/21 13:25 】 | Uriginal Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
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