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Korea under the dominion of China


Samguk Sagi Vol5 Shila Bongi Jindok
三国史記15巻 新羅本記 真徳王
Wikisource link
fa45bcbf.jpeg春秋又請改其章服 以從中華制
Kim Chun chu requested to use Chinese system and changing uniform.
春秋は章服の変更と中華式の制度の取り入れを請願した。


68f9563a.jpeg三年 春正月 始服中朝衣冠
Year3 They wore Chinese court clothes first time.
始めて中国式の衣冠を身につける。


ca3b6f0d.jpeg始行中國永徽年號
(Shila) started using Chinese eraname.
中国式の年号を使い始める。



Annals of Joseon
514ec26a.jpeg1392-11-29
芸文館学士韓尚質如京師以朝鮮和寧請吏国号奏
Korea sent Han Sang Jil to China to have the Emperor select new country name Joseon(Choson) or Wanyong
芸文館学士の韓尚質を明に送って国号を朝鮮か和寧か決めてもらう








db905561.jpeg1393-2-15
6th line from right
奏聞使韓尙質來傳禮部咨
Han Sang Jil returned with the statement.
韓尙質が咨文持って戻ってきた。

within the blue box
高麗國名, 遵用朝鮮之號。
(New country) name is Joseon, abandon Koryo.
高麗はやめて朝鮮にした。


19bfd024.jpeg天朝
Heavenly court





b9b987bc.jpeg天兵
Heavenly soldiers






Matteo Ricci
"Complete Geographical Map of all the Kingdoms of the World"
坤輿万国全図
Full view
Wikipedia
4.jpg朝貢属国
朝貢=tribute
属国=dependency





History of Ming Vol320 Retsuden No208 Joseon(Choson)
明史/卷320 列傳第二百八外國一 朝鮮
Wikisource link
a95fb6be.jpeg朝鮮在明雖稱屬國
Korea calls herself Ming's dependency.




History of Qing Draft Vol526Retsuden313 Dependency1
 清史稿/卷526 列傳三百十三 屬國一
Wikisource link
d98aa5b6.jpeg
朝鮮 琉球
Joseon, Ryukyu





Isabella Bird "Korea and her neighbors"
Google books link
8d27f76c.jpeg



566815b0.jpeg







Following 4 documents are stored in Japan center for Asian historical records
http://www.jacar.go.jp/index.html
You can find them by Ref codes I show.

Letter from minister Wang of Qing to Japanese ambassador Mori Arinori
明治9年1月29日付け、大日本国欽派駐北京全権大臣森有禮に対して清欽命總理各国事務 王大臣からの書簡
明治9年2月10日から明治10年1月8日 P3
1877-1-29  Ref code B03030144300
581d45ee.jpeg
朝鮮爲中國属國 中外共知 属國有属國分際 古今所同
Anybody knows Korea is Chinese dependency.
Dependency has the dependency's position.
China has always authorized Korea as a dependency.
朝鮮が中国の属国であることを知らない者はいない。属国には属国の分際があり、古今において朝鮮が属国であることを中国が任ずるのである。


Copy of letter from King Kojong to China after Imo Incident.
2​.朝​鮮​事​変​弁​理​始​末/​2​ ​兇​徒​伏​法  P40
Ref code B​0​3​0​3​0​1​7​9​7​0​0
8e6d73ff.jpeg臣之心焦震剥、何異於嬰児之離懐膝、童心飲泣
As your subject, my heart is shaking like a baby separated from parents
臣たる私の心は震え、あたかも嬰児が親の懐や膝から引き離されて拠るべきところを無くして憧心から泣いているようなものであります




Meeting record for Convention of Tenshin
1885-5
天​津​条​約​ノ​締​結 P196
Ref code
B​0​6​1​5​0​0​3​1​8​0​0
fb03ffe2.jpeg朝鮮に内乱の事あるに方(あたっ)ては、我国兵を派して国王を保護すべきは即ち我国の義務なり。朝鮮国王の其位に登るは我皇帝陛下の封する所に依るものなり
If there's civil war in Korea,it's our duty to send troops to protect Korean King.
Korean King has been given the title from our Emperor.



China Korea trading regulation 1882
中国朝鮮商民水陸貿易章程 P3
Ref code B​0​3​0​3​0​4​0​1​3​0​0
2.jpg朝​鮮​久​列​藩​對
Korea is a domain of dependence

中​国​優​待​屬​邦
China gives preferential treatment to dependency



History of Koryo
Winter 1275
3.jpg処女子元禁国中婚嫁
Ban all virgins across the country to marry
(to select for tributing Mongol)

元賀正告改官制献処女十人
Tributed 10 virgins to Mongol




It seems History of Koryo has more descriptions about women tribution from Korea.
Full text in PDF Link

PR
【2011/11/20 11:35 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(1)
Korean says America has no culture
"america is just as much a fake culture as japan is. "america" has no culture, nothing to call their own. they stole everything that they have. so yes age does have seniority when it comes to being an authentic culture. you can pretend all you want when it comes to fan fiction but you can't pretend with reality." xerolife666

5b06f34e.jpg




This is very very typical Koreanologic-"Longer is Greater."
Confusianism is one of reason why they make such a childish logic but the real reason is, this is the ONLY what they can boast against America.
【2011/09/25 14:43 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
How Korea was annexed to Japan
This entry is specially for KSJoshWhite

While I was reading comments posted by KSJoshWhite, I noticed Korean MA instructors are doing Anti-Japan propagations to students.
What surprised me was he thought there was a war between Japan and Korea before annexation.
If he has done a little bit of research, it's easy to find out what really happened.

This is a famous caricature drawn by French illustrator Bigot in 1887, the title is Une partie de pêche-A party of fishing.
544.jpg






Korea is a fish on the center, Japanese, Russian and Chinese are fishing.
At the time, Korea was actually China's subject country so China didn't have to fish Korea and Korean ruling class was very loyal to China.
However since Europe's invasion to Asia, China was much weakened.(ex.Opium War)
In Korea, there were Pro-China group and Pro-Japan group.
Kim Ok-gyun, a Pro-Japan activist, he wanted to modernize Korea like Japan's Meiji Restoration.
In 1884, He and his comrades toppled the corrupted governmet(Gapsin Coup) with a support of Japanese while China was busy to against France.(Sino–French War)
As a result of the war, China lost territory(Vietnam). So now China didn't want to lose anymore territory - Korean peninsula.
China sent troops, killed the activists and the Japanese.
taigayaku.jpgKim Ok-gyun was survived but later assassinated in Shanghai his body was sent to Korea for "Slow slicing".







China and Japan agreed to withdraw troops from Korea. But they both promised that they would infom each other when sending troops to Korea.(Convention of Tientsin)
In 1894, thousands of Korean peasants rose up against the government.(Donghak Peasant Revolution)
The Korean court called for help to China, China sent troops to supress the rebels and Japan sent troops to protect Japanese residents.
6bbf9c1d.jpg
During Gapsin Coup, Japanese residents in Korea were raped and massacred by Koreans and Chinese. Korea paid 110000 yen compensation-Treaty of Seoul 1885.
The picture is a part of the treaty 漢城条約, the marked part indicates the compensation for the victims family.






The conflict became Sino-Japan War.
19cdf9c7.jpg





During the war, the Korean peasant rebels rose up against Japanese but was defeated by coalition forces of the Japanese and the Joseon Korean military.
838a3ea5.jpg
Embassy telegraph
"A few Corean soldiers accompanied Japanese troops by special orders of the King of Korea. Some fled but most of them fought with great bravery."



Japan won the war, Korea became indipendent country.(Shimonoseki Treaty 1895)
5268f49e.jpg
Indipendence gate.








Japan used "Enlightenment Party" members for reform however corrupted Min family didn't want any change, they approached to Russia.(They just replaced China to Russia, this is traditional Korean Sadaejuui-serving-the-Great-ism)

The main reason why Japan wanted Korea to be modernized was fear of Russia.
Japan wanted Korea to be strong enough to block Russia's expansion.
But they were trying to give Korea away to Russia, the Japanese counselor Miura Goro assassinated King Kojong's wife Minbi.(There are some other conspiracy theories.)
Then some angry Korean people stood up against Japan.
This time, they were neo-Confucianists not Joseon Korean military.
King Kojong was hiding in Russian Embassy at the time which gave Russia a power over Korea.
Meanwhile, China was divided by France, Britain, Germany and Russia.
Historical Map of Imperialism in Asia 1840-1914
Japan had demanded Russia to back off from Manchu, Russia offered Japan to divide Korea in 2 and share each other instead.
But Russia was constructing fort near the border of Korea, Japan decided to go war.(Russo-Japan War 1904)
28589ef0.jpg







Japan immidiately occupied Seoul, Korea became under Japan's protectorate state substantially.
After Japan won the war, Japan made a treaty between Japan and America.(Taft–Katsura Agreement)
America recognized Japan to occupy Korea in exchange of  Japan recognized America to occupy Phillippines.
In 1905, The second Japan-Korea treaty. Korea became Japan's protected country officially.

There were Anti-Japan guerilla attacks in some places since 1907.
The number of people who involved guerilla attacks in 1908 were about 70000, Japanese troops in Korea at the time was around 2000~3000 but the Japanese defeated all the attacks.
The Korean attacks were far from organized military tactics.
(It proves Korea didn't have militaristic culture unlike the Hwarang nationalists insist.)

In 1906, King Kojong begged the president of America to announce the treaty was void but was ignored.
In 1907, King Kojong sent emissaries to the second Hague Peace Convention but they were ignored.
In 1909, a Korean shot and killed Ito Hirobumi the first Japanese Resident-General of Korea in Halbin.
7de0ed76.jpg





That resulted Japan to break down the guerrillas completelly, and annexed Korea finally.
Ironically Ito Hirobumi used to oppose annexation of Korea.
It is unhappy thing but that was the way in the Imperialism era.

Meanwhile, a new Pro-Japan group was born, it's called Iljinhoe by Enlightenment Party.
c580bd51.jpg
Iljinhoe gate.






While some people were against the Japanese, some people were disenamored with the Korean leaders who were taking yangban style political faction feud.
Korean leaders were divided in Pro-Japan, Pro-China, Pro-Russia, Pro-America and Pro-Joseon court and playing power games.
The people who were sick of the leaders joined Iljinhoe, hoped to reform Korea by Japan's support.
The number of Iljinhoe members recorded in 1910 was about 140000.(Iljinhoe official announce was 1 million at most.)
That was remarkable number.

Gregory Henderson wrote that this was Korea’s first modern political organization, uniting leaders and led and mobilizing the masses. That generalization is a bit of a stretch, but so is the subsequent attempt by nationalist historians to pretend that the Ilchinhoe’s members were few, with each one devoted to selling Korea to Japan.
He also wrote the Koreans who wanted to reform Korea didn't count on China and Russia(China and Russia were anti-reform). America was not interested in Korea at all, only Japan was positively promoting Meiji restoration style reform. No wonder why they counted on Japan and Japan helped them.

That's the digestive explanation of how Korea was annexed to Japan.
You may wonder why Korean people didn't unite for the country.
yangban.jpgBecause Yangban the ruling class of Korea were corrurpted and hated by lower class people.


Yangban and Kisaeng.

Researchers of Joseon Korea history say North Korea is exaclly like Joseon Korea.(So now you understand why many people didn't support the court.)

And,
If Korea had elite Ninjas like Chosonninja say, had richest military culture and history  in the world like Hwarangdo say,  they didn't have to depend on foreign powers all the time, Korea was suppose to have been independent since the three Kingdoms period.


Addition
CONFERENCE: "A Reconsideration of the Japanese Annexation of Korea from the Historical and International Law Perspectives"

David McCann

On November 15-17, 2001, the Korea Institute hosted a conference, the third of a series of meetings, on "A Reconsideration of the Japanese Annexation of Korea from the Historical and International Law Perspectives." The Asia Center and the Reischauer Center for Japanese Studies provided generous logistical and other support.

The project had several matters to consider. First were the claims and counterclaims regarding the actual legality of the annexation itself. New documentary discoveries suggest that the agreement of annexation was reached under duress; that the Korean rule, Kojong, did in fact protest the annexation; and that agreements reached prior to the 1910 annexation were similarly flawed. International law might now reach a finding, on this basis, that all of the events and actions during the 1910-1945 occupation of Korea were illegal, and Japan therefore does owe some form of compensation, if not an apology, for what happened. But according to James Crawford, of the Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, judgments must be reached according to the practices in effect at the time. There seemed, in the end, to be little ground for agreement regarding the issue of the legality of the annexation. Despite M.I.T. Professor John Dower’s moving exhortation, the conference participants did not pursue the issuance of a statement regarding the annexation and the aftermath.

Professor John Van Dyke, of the University of Hawaii, gave a paper on the current claims and counter-claims regarding the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands. The example was most instructive, and suggested that continuing negotiations between Korean and Japan, as between Hawaii and the United States, should be pursued.

Anthony Carty, University of Derby, offered archival materials from British government files of letters and reports from Korea during the period just before, during, and after the annexation. British embassy officials seemed to have reached the conclusion that the Japanese take-over was a fait accompli, and that there was little or nothing in the form of popular or other noticeable protest against it at the time. Professor Carty’s paper suggested to this observer, at least, that it would be worth the effort to pursue the issue of Korean popular feelings about the annexation, rather than continuing to worry the bone of official government records and archival materials.

The papers and materials from the conference will be published through a website at Seoul National University through Professor Yi Tae-jin’s good offices. What, then, had been accomplished? Perhaps most simply and significantly, scholars from Japan and Korea, and from both the Republic of Korea and the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, had engaged in productive discussions over the year-long course of the meetings, and that other such meetings and exchanges offered promise, on this and other issues. Even on such relatively well studied topics as this one, there are documentary materials yet to be discovered, assessed, and brought into the scholarly discourse; and there are many different types of materials, such as records of popular opinion as reflected in the British embassy records, that could be pursued as well. We might also reflect again on John Dower's call for reflections and statements from the scholarly academic community on subjects having political implications.

【2011/09/10 10:38 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0)
There are 3 things what Korea don't have, needle, sheep, and wheel
On the video "A historian analyzes Korean drama Hwang Jini" the historian said
"Choson(Korea) didn't have wheel."

The source was Korean scholar 鄭東愈 Chung Dong-yu 1744―1808) wrote 「嘗謂朝鮮之俗有至拙者三至難者二 無針拙一 不知養羊拙二 無車拙三 "There are 3 things what Choson don't have, needle, sheep, and wheel"」 on 晝永編 in 1805.

Some Korean said it's a hoax, the book didn't exist.
Here is the proof the book existed.
Google Books
And I found pictures of actual texts.
60e3ea33.JPG
【原文】

嘗謂朝鮮之俗有至拙者三至難者二
拙者天下萬國之所無也
難者亦天下萬國之所不能有也
It has been said that Choson lacks 3 things, having difficulty with 2 things.
No other countries have the problems.

 

我國無針
必貿燕市
若燕貿不通雖有布帛無縫衣之道
拙一也
We do not have needle.
If we didn't import them from China, we weren't able to saw.
That's the first lacking.


六畜首称牛羊而我國則養牛不知養羊
拙二也
6 livestock included cow and sheep.
We have cows but no sheep.
That's the second lacking
.

黄帝以来陸行用車水行用舟者何地不然而我國有舟無車
拙三也
Since Yellow Emperor's period, people have used wheel on the land, boat on the sea.
We have boat but no wheel.
That's the third lacking.


豈非萬國之所無乎
No other countries have the same lackings.

56727cde.JPG士夫婦女之無再?之俗于今四百餘年擧國同然
難一也
It's been 400 years that scholar-bureaucrats and women never re-marry nationwide.
That's the first difficulty.


士夫之族系明白其内外十世祖為五百一十二而遡考皆知
難二也
Scholar-bureaucrats have to clarify 10 generations of ancestors of both father and mother side total 512 relatives.
Tha's the second difficulty.


豈非萬國之所不能有者乎
No other countries have the difficulties.


 
【2011/08/24 03:30 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
K-Pop and National Branding


"The Zombie wave"-The Korean wave isn't dead because it didn't exist in the beginning.
References
http://brandingkorea.org/
http://articles.latimes.com/2009/may/03/world/fg-korea-brand3
http://nation-branding.info/2009/01/28/korea-nation-branding-project-launched/
【2011/05/18 11:15 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
Enormous Korean wave in America?
【2011/03/05 10:28 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
A Country of Liars
よくYoutubeで韓国人が日本人を嘘つき呼ばわりしてるの見かけるけどそういう時はこれをコピペするといい。
朝鮮日報の金大中氏によるコラム「嘘つきの国」
日本と比較して韓国は嘘があたりまえの国だと言ってます。

A Country of Liars by Kim Dae-joong

In every country there are crimes that uniquely reflect its society. National Intelligence Service director-designate Kim Seung-kyu, in a lecture he gave late in May when he was justice minister, said: "The three representative crimes of our country are perjury, libel and fraud." In simple comparison, not taking into account population ratio, South Korea saw 16 times as many perjury cases in 2003 than Japan, 39 times as many libel cases and 26 times as many instances of fraud. That is extraordinarily high given Japan's population is three times our own.

The common denominator of the three crimes is lying; in short, we live in a country of liars. The prosecution devotes 70 percent of its work to handling the three crimes, the former justice minister said. And because suspects lie so much, the indictment rate in fraud cases is 19.5 percent, in perjury 29 percent and in libel 43.1 percent. "Internationally, too, there is a perception that South Korea's representative crime is fraud," Kim said, adding that recent major scandals show how rampant lying is in this country.

Lying is so common in our society because few recognize that it leads to crime. "What's wrong with telling a little lie?" they think. And here the big problem is that men of power, rather than ordinary citizens, indulge in lying on a massive scale, to the point where it is regarded as a necessary means of survival in some circles.

日本語の記事だとこんなのもありましたね。

うそで塗り固められた詐欺王国・韓国
http://banmakoto.air-nifty.com/blues/2008/10/post-5fef.html
【2011/01/10 13:16 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
Roots of Korean Nationalism
【2010/08/01 02:37 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(2) | トラックバック(0)
A historian analyzes Korean drama Hwang Jini
The true successor of Choson dynasty was North Korea.
【2010/06/23 10:56 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
A historian analyzes Korean drama Jumong


【2010/06/18 11:33 】 | Korea Issue | 有り難いご意見(0) | トラックバック(0)
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